Tortoises Genital system

Testudo hermanni B96-1682 Situs of liver and ovaries P Zwart

Testudo hermanni Situs of liver, heart and ovaries

Tortoise Egg follicles (Longit section) Photo Univ. Zürich

Tortoise Egg follicles and eggs with scale Photo Univ. Zürich

Testudo hermanni 1987 Pregnancy Photo L Lambrechts kopie.jpg

Testudo hermanni Pregnancy

Trachemys s elegans 1981 Egg follicles Photo via saccessory bladder P. Zwart

Trachemys s. elegans Egg follicles Photo via accessory bladder

Trachemys s elegans D99-788 Ovary active P. Zwart kopie 2

Trachemys s. elegans Ovary active

Testudo hermanni B06-763 Infundibulum Serosa partly filled with Vitellin II particles HE Obj 40 P. Zwart kopie

Testudo hermanni Infundibulum Serosa cells partly filled with vitellin II particles

Testudo graeca B96-1524 Oviduct normal HE Obj 2.5 P Zwart kopie

Testudo graeca Oviduct normal

Testudo hermanni B08-521 Oviduct normal HE Obj 25 P. Zwart kopie

Testudo hermanni Oviduct normal

Testudo graeca B96-1524 Oviduct normal and active HE Obj 25 P Zwart kopie

Testudo graeca Oviduct normal and active

Terrapene carolina B94-293-37 Neonate yolk sac P. Zwart Verzonden  kopie.jpg

Terrapene carolina Neonate Yolk sac (*) internalized

Graptemys ouachiticus 3120710039 )viduct (active) Glandular duct HE Obj 40 P. Zwart

Graptemys ouachiticus Oviduct (active) Glandular duct

Indotestudo elongata 30812240302-3 Oviduct secretory cells normal HE Obj 40 P. Zwart kopie

Indotestudo elongata Oviduct Secretory cells normal

Trachemys s elegans 1981 Cloacoscopie P. Zwart kopie

Trachemys s elegans  Cloacoscopy Accessory bladders + exit of rectum

Testudo hermanni Oviduct Egg incarcerated. Margin of mucosal atrophy

Testudo hermanni Oviduct mucosa Atrophy glandular layer (Egg incarcerated)
Trachemys s elegans Weight of eggs in one clutch
Leopard tortoise Stigmochelys pardalis Weight of shells in one clutch of eggs + 2 complete eggs

Trachemys s. elegans Salpinx Endometrial cysts

Trachemys s. elegans B95-110 Salpinx Endometrial cysts

Testudo hermanni B03-738 Oviduct salpingitis HE Obj 10 P Zwart kopie

Testudo hermanni Oviduct salpingitis

Testudo hermanni B08-733 Oviduct Salpingitis Glandular layer destructed HE Obj 10 P. Zwart kopie

Testudo hermanni Oviduct salpingitis

Testudo hermanni Oviduct Salpingitis Glandular layer destructed. Inflammation + bacteria
Indotestudo elongata 3081224030-3 Oviduct Secretaory glands on one side normal, Other side degenerated HE )bj 10 P. Zwart

Indotestudo elongata Oviduct Secretory glands one side normal; Other side degenerated

Trachemys s elegans D78-132 Oviduct Calcium deposits + loss of secretory glands Kossa Obj 2.5 P Zwart kopie

Trachemys s elegans Oviduct Calcium deposits + loss of secretory glands

Testudo horsfieldii D89-309 Ovary Some egg folicles in resorption P. Zwart kopie

Tesudo horsfieldii Ovary Some follicles in resorption

Testudo hermanni B08:738 Ovary Degenerated follicles P.Zwart

Testudo hermanni Ovary. Secundary follicles next to degenerated follicles (arrows)

Testudo hermanni B08:738 Ovary. Degenerated follicles P.Zwart

Testudo hermanni Ovary. Secundary and degenerated follicles (arrow)

Testudo hermanni Ovary Primary follicles degenerated

Indotestudo elongata B05-1781 Ovary Follicles degenerated P. Zwart kopie

Indotestudo elongata Ovary Follicles degenerated

Graptemys sp B07-274C Ovary perilymphatic calcium deposit HE Obj 25 P. Zwart kopie

Graptemys sp. Ovary perilymphatic calcium deposit

Graptemys sp. B07-274 C Ovary periarterial calcium deposit + giant cell HE Obj 10 P. Zwart kopie

Graptemys sp. Ovary periarterial calcium deposit +multinucleate cell

Graptemys spec. B07-274 c Ovary Perivascular calcium deposit HE Obj 10 P. Zwart kopie

Graptemys sp. Ovary perivascular calcium deposit

Trachemys s. elegans D88-677 Oviduct calcium deposition HE Obj 2.5 P. Zwart

Trachemys s. elegans Oviduct. Deposition of Calcium, Edema, overfilling lymph vessels

Testudo graeca. One clutch of eggs Embryo’s in different stages of development

Testudo boettgeri Single cell twin Photo C de Boer

Testudo boettgeri Single cell twin. Photo Cees de Boer

Testudo boettgeri Single cell twin. Photo Cees de Boer kopie

Testudo-boettgeri-Single cell-twin.-Photo-Cees de Boer

Trachemys s elegans D88-788 Egg follicle in resorption HE Obj 4 P Zwart kopie

Trachemys s elegans Egg follicle in resorption

Indotestudo elongata B05:1838 A Ovary inflammation Photo J. Wiechert

Indotestudo elongata Ovary inflammation

Indotestudo elongata B05-1781 Ovary Necrotic follicles P. Zwart

Indotestudo elongata Ovary Necrotic follicles P. Zwart

Indotestudo elongata B05-1838 A Ovary cystic follicles inflamed P Zwart kopie

Indotestudo elongata B05-1838 A Ovary cystic follicles inflamed

Testudo hermanni B06-763 Infundibulum Serosal space partly filled with Vitellin II particles HE Obj 40 P. Zwart

Testudo hermanni Infundibulum Serosal space partly filled with Vitellin II particles. Mesothelium swollen.

Testudo horsfieldii Egg shell normal
Testudo hermanni B93:2416:15 Eggshell with bacteria in surface area HE Obj 25 P Zwart

Testudo hermanni Egg shell with bacteria in superficial layers

Testudo hermanni 04-'96 Clutch of eggs different sizes P. Zwart

Testudo hermanni Clutch of eggs. Differences in sizes

testudo-hermanni-clutch-of-eggs-different-sizes-p-zwart-kopie2

Testudo hermanni Clutch of eggs. Differences in sizes

Testudo hermanni Clutch of Eggs One double shelled P. Zwart kopie

Testudo hermanni Clutch of Eggs One double shelled (Weights in grammes)

Geochelone pardalis 96:66 Egg shell weight 10.5 gms Two shells (decalcified) P. Zwart kopie

Geochelone pardalis Egg shell Total weight 10.5 gms Two shells -decalcified

Testudo hermanni 97-108 Egg Calcium deposits around pores 21,95 gms P Zwart kopie

Testudo hermanni Calcium deposited around poresT

Testudo hermanni Calcium around pores P. Zwart kopie 2

Testudo hermanni Calcium around pores

Geochelone pardalis 96:66 Egg shell weight 12,5 gms Two shells (decalcified) Outer shell only partly thickened P. Zwart kopie

Geochelone pardalis Egg shell total weight 12.0 gm Two shells -decalcified Outer shell only partly thin

Geochelone pardalis 96:66 Egg shell weight 25 gms Three soft shells P. Zwart kopie

Geochelone pardalis Egg shell total weight 25 gm Three shells – decalcified

Geochelone carbonaria Egg shell defect Inner membrane defect at the same site P. Zwart kopie

Geochelone carbonaria Egg shell defect; inner membrane defect at the same site

Testudo hermanni 2004 Egg Shell thickened ROUGH SURFACE P. Zwart

Testudo hermanni 1995 Egg shell Rough surface SEM Zwart- v. Vorstenbosch

Testudo hermanni Egg shell rough surface

Testudo hermanni 1995 Pore surrounded by Ca deposit (Arrow) SEM Zwart, P., v. Vorstenbosch

Testudo hermanni Egg shell. Pore surrounded by Ca-deposit

Aldabrachelys gigantea 1986 Egg Thickened shell (6 layers of calcium deposited P. Zwart kopie

Aldabrachelys  gigantea Egg Thickened shell (6 layers)

Aldabrachelys gigantea 1986 Egg. Multilayered (6!) shell P. Zwart

Aldabrachelys  gigantea Egg Thickened shell (6 layers)

Testudo hermanni Egg double shell First shell with a normal porus, second one showing Ca-deposit and deverted porus P. Zwart kopie

Testudo hermanni Egg double shell First shell with a normal porus, second one showing Ca-deposit and diverted porus

Testudo hermanni Egg pores Bacterial contamination P. Zwart kopie

Testudo hermanni Egg pores. Bacterial contamination

Geochelone elegans B98:1931 A Egg in urinary bladder Photo J. Wiechert kopie

Indotestudo elongata Egg in urinary bladder

Indotestudo elongata 30812240302 Oviduct Local edema (compare normal propria) HE Obj 2.5 P. Zwart kopie

Indotestudo elongata Oviduct Local edema (compare normal propria)

indotestudo elongata 30812240302 Oviduct - local edema (compare normal propria HE Obj 4 P. Zwart kopie

Indotestudo elongata Oviduct Local edema (compare normal propria (*))

Testudo hermanni B08-738 Oviduct. Muscular layer (longitudinal) degenerated HE Obj 25 P Zwart kopie

Testudo hermanni Muscular layer (longitudinal) degenerated

Testudo hermanni D88-1455 Hydrosalpinx P Zwart kopie 2

Testudo hermanni Hydrosalpinx

Testudo hermanni Oviduct invaginated Egg collapsed
Testudo hermanni Oviduct invaginated Egg collapsed

Testudo hermanni Eggshell with bacteria (top) on inner wall (below)
Indotestudo elongata Egg (L) from urinary bladder (R) from urodeum P. Zwart

Indotestudo elongata Eggs Left one from the urinary bladder, right one from urodeum